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Cosmic Ray Momentum Diffusion in the Presence of Nonlinear Alfvén Waves : Volume 3, Issue 1 (30/11/-0001)

By Michałek, G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004019877
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 11
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Cosmic Ray Momentum Diffusion in the Presence of Nonlinear Alfvén Waves : Volume 3, Issue 1 (30/11/-0001)  
Author: Michałek, G.
Volume: Vol. 3, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Nonlinear, Processes
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
-0001
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Michałek, G., & Ostrowsky, M. (-0001). Cosmic Ray Momentum Diffusion in the Presence of Nonlinear Alfvén Waves : Volume 3, Issue 1 (30/11/-0001). Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.org/


Description
Description: Obserwatorium Astronomiczne, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland. The relation between the spatial diffusion coefficient along the magnetic field, kII, and the momentum diffusion coefficient, Dp, for relativistic cosmic ray particles is modelled using Monte Carlo simulations. Wave fields with vanishing wave helicity and cross-helicity, constructed by superposing 'AlfvÉn-like' waves are considered. As the result, particle trajectories in high amplitude wave fields and then - by averaging over these trajectories - the values of transport coefficients are derived. The modelling is performed at various wave amplitudes, from δ B/B0 = 0.15 to 2.0, and for a number of wave field types. At our small amplitudes approximately the quasi-linear theory (QLT) estimates for kII and Dp are reproduced. However, with growing wave amplitude the simulated results show a small divergence from the QLT ones, with kII decreasing slower than theoretical prediction and the opposite being true for Dp. The wave field form gives only a slight influence on the wave-particle interactions at large wave amplitudes δ B/B0 ~ 1. The parameter characterizing the relative efficiency of the second-order to the first-order acceleration at shock waves, Dp κII is given in the QLT approximation by the Skilling formula V2A p2 / 9. In simulations together with increasing δ B it increases above this scale in all the cases under our study. Consequences of the present results for the second-order Fermi acceleration at shock waves are briefly addressed.

Summary
Cosmic ray momentum diffusion in the presence of nonlinear Alfvén waves

 

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