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World Health Organization : Year 1993, Ocp Overview 93: An Overview the Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000020634
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 1993, Ocp Overview 93: An Overview the Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1993, Ocp Overview 93. Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
A. ONCHOCERCIASIS: THE DISEASE, ITS TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL 1.1 Onchocerciasis (river blindness) is caused by a parasitic, filarial (threadlike) worm, Odchocerca volwlug, of which the adult female (macrofilaria), 40-45 cm long, lodges in nodules under the human skin or deeper in the tissues where during a lifespan of 11 to 12 years it produces millions of microscopic embryos (microfilariae) which live for about two years. The microfilariae give rise to intensely itching rashes, to wrinkling, thickening and depigmentation of the skin, to lymphadenitis resulting in hanging groins and elephantiasis of the genitals and, eventually, to severe eye lesions, including blindness, as well as to loss of weight and general debilitation.

Table of Contents
Table of contents A . ONCHOCERCIASIS: THE DISEASE. ITS TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL . . . . 1 1. The disease and its imoort.a nc.e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 . The vector and the tcansmlss~on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 . The control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B . THE ONCHOCERCIASIS CONTROL PROGRAMME: BACKGROUND. ORGANIZATION. OPERATIONS AND COST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4 . How did the Programme come about? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5 . Who benefits from OCP operations and what are the overationat characteristics of the Programme area? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6 . How is the Programme structured and managed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 7. How is the Programme funded and what has been its cost so far? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 8 . What is the objective of the Programme? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 9 . How does the Programme function? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 C . DECISIVE OPERATIONAL EVENTS AND PROGRAMME PLANNING . . . . . . . . 7 10 . Reinvasion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 11. Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 12. bnc-term and medium-term ~ l a n n i nan~d vrogramming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 11 . ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Entomolo~icall~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Evidemiolo~icallv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 ivermectin distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 In devolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Xnmodelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 In research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 In training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 In socioeconomic develoament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 E . ANDTHEFUTURE? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 F . PHASING OUT THE PROGRAMME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

 

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