The World Public Library Medical Document Collection is an archive of Medical Document Collection, Medical Publications Collection, Department of Health and Human Services and Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Titles were selected to focus on assisting general health and awareness, and especially those at greater risk of health disparities with achieving optimal lifespan with the best possible quality of health in every stage of life.
Medical Reference Publication
1. Introducing the module
Explain that this module will describe how to develop a District TB Plan similar to
the one shown for Faba District in module B. Participants should have module B:
Faba District available to refer to.
Participants may use a different format for planning in their own districts, but a good
plan should always include some basic elements, such as: targets, activities needed to
achieve the targets, and information on who will carry out the activities...
1. In the medical setting a resistant organism is one which is not inhibited or killed by concentrations of an
antimicrobial agent in normal doses. Resistance has been detected in all types of microorganisms - bacteria,
fungi, parasites, viruses. The main focus of this document and the resolution recommended by the Executive
Board is resistant bacteria.
DETECTION OF RESISTANCE
2. Resistance in bacteria is most commonly evaluated as part of the standard laborat...
The fourth annual meeting of European national programme managers
on the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) took place
in St Vincent, Aosta, Italy, from 20 to 24 May 1991. The meeting
was made possible by the Government of the Aosta Valley Autonomous
Region, as was the previous meeting in 1990.
The participants comprised 58 representatives of 29 European
countries, 13 participants from WHO. UNICEF and Rotary Inlernational,
and 5 observers from other or...
It was unfcrtur.ate that the writer's arrival coincided with the absence
t'rom Riyadh of the Director of Medical Store
D'importants travaux d'ensemble, plus particuliirement
en Egypte (Taylor et a]., 1956; Schmidt et al.,
1960), en Grice (Theiler et al., 1960; Pavlatos &
Smith, 1964), en Israel (Ben-Porath et al., 1966),
en Italie (Verani et al., 1967), et en France mediterranknne
(Panthier, 1968), ont precise au cours
des quinze dernieres annks la repartition des arbovirus
dans le bassin mediterranten, leur incidence
dans la pathologie infectieuse et ont analyse les
principaux maillons ...
Early diagnosis and prompt trsatment of malaria are
essential to avert severe morbidity and mortal~t!i~n
non-immune individuals (I). Togcther $\'it11 the implementation
of sustainable preventive measures
and the strengthening of local resea~ch capaaties.
the early detection and conta~nment of epidemics
constitute the basic technical eler~ientso f the Global
Strategy for Malaria Control (2). Timely professional
treatment of malaria episodes is; honever,
Experience in malaria coiilrol outside Africa cannot
be extrapolated to African countries in view of
their specific epide~niological, ethnic, social, and
economic factors. Therelore the k~iowledger equired
for implementing realistic antimalaria programmes
in Africa can be gained only through ill-dcpth
studies of the full ranr-re ol~.vrev aili-ne.v id emioloe-i cal
In colonizing mosquitos in cages there are usually
two main difficulties : the provision of conditions that
will allow mating to occur and provision of the blood
meal. In Eretmapodites spp. there is a third difficulty:
the larvae are facultative cannibals. The
following is a brief account of the successful colonization
of Eretmnpodites cchrysognster, sensrr stricfo,
at the East African Virus Research Institute,
Filarial mosquitos are dissected as a routine in
many parts of the world, yet little information is
available about the natural mortality of these
vectors. The results of dissections are recorded as
the percentage of female mosquitos containing
filarial larvae at all stages of development-the
infection rate-and the percentage of females
containing mature infective filarial larvae-the
infectivity rate. The proportion of mosquitos carrying
infective parasites can be used, ...
WHO has recommended the use of bednets impregnated
with pyrethroid insecticides for malaria vector
controla and trials of a few thousand such nets have
been carried out in many malanous countries (I).
However, in Sichuan Province, China, up to 2.42
million treated nets have been used annually for
malaria vector control since 1987. The results have
been reported in Chinese (2) but have previously
only been summarized in English (3, 4). This article
As indicated in Table I, RPMI and F12 media were
superior to the two 199 media tested when 10%
pooled human serum (PHS) was used. In addition,
exhaustively dialysed human serum was not effective
when used to supplement RPMI, but was not so poor
when used with F12 medium and the two 199 media.
When human serum was dialysed against F12 medium
and then used to supplement RPMI it remained effective.
Since Jensen (3) has previously shown that
dialysis of human serum results i...
Archaeological evidence suggests that about 2000
years ago human populations in the wet, forested
areas of tropical Africa were very sparse, consisting
of tiny hands of hunters and gatherers. At about
250 BC, iron appeared in the Nok sites of Nigeria.
People made iron axes that were far more effective
in cutting the forest than their stone tools had been.
They made iron hoes, and cultivated cut-and-burned
areas of forest with new wetland crops just entering
Africa by sea...
Le Programme a long terme de surveillance et de recherche en matiere de pollution de la
Mediterranke (MED POL Phase II) constitue I'elbment dvaluation de I'environnement), du Plan
d'action pour la Mediterranee, adopte par les gouvernements de la Region en 1975. Ses
objectifs sont I'evaluation permanente de la pollution de la mer Mediterranee, la determination
des sources, des voies de transfert et des effets des polluants qui y penbtrent et la definition de
Most authorities are agreed that the best approach
to the control of bilharziasis is through an attack
upon the molluscan intermediate host (WHO
Expert Committee on Bilharziasis, 1961, 1965; World
Health Organization, 1965). This opinion, however,
has been based upon theoretical considerations and
upon the failure of other methods almost as much as
upon the demonstrated success of snail control. It
seems probable that transmission has been interrupted
more frequently by ...
A Seminar an Planning and Implementation of Teacher Training Programmes was convened in London
from 23 to 25 May 1979 by the WHO Regional Office for Europe in collaboration with the Government
of the United Kingdom. Held at the British Life Assurance Trust (BLAT) Centre for Health and
Medical Education, it was ettended by 19 staff members of teacher training centres and
representatives of national health services and education authorities from 13 countries, together
The research project on the epidemtology and
control of malarla, conducted in Garkt D~strict.K ano
State, Nigeria, jointly by the Gorernmenr of K~geria
and the World Health Organization, lncluded amone
its objectives the study of [he commun~ty's~ mmune
response to malana, as detectable by multiple serological
tests, before, during, and after a period of
intensive malana control through the application of a
residual insecticide and mass drug admin~stratlon.
The preceding ...
Le Conseil executif
1. PREND NOTE du vingt-neuvieme rapport annuel de la Commission de la Fonction publique intenationale,
The validity of an ecological approach to the
study of infectious disease is now generally recognized
but its application to the animal reservoirs of
human disease has been slow in most countries.
With few exceptions, ecological methods comparable
to those applied t o problems of agriculture, fisheries
and other fields of economic biology haw not
been employed in studying or controlling zoonoses
in most areas of the world. This attitude is sometimes
defended on the plea ...
The Expanded Programme on immunization (EPI) is already a major public health
success. National immunization services are nowproviding some 50% of infants m developing
countries ivith a third dose of either polio or DPT vaccines, thereby preventing
each vear about 200 WO children from becomina ~aralvsedw ith ~oliom~elitainsd over a u. 2
rnillivn deaths from measles, neonatal tetanus and pertussis in tiese chntries. EPlprovrdes
a con~pelling dentonsfration of what can be ...
This document o u t l i n e s ways i n which the Regiunal Office for Eltrope con
strengthen its capacity to meet denlands from disaster - stricken Member States
and enable them t o achieve the required pseparednees t o >ilinimize tile adverse
effects of disssters on health