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Agriculture


Agriculture is the production, processing, marketing, and use of foods, fibers and byproducts from plant crops and animals. Agriculture was the key development that led to the rise of human civilization; with the domestication of animals and plants, creating food surpluses that enabled the development of more densely populated and stratified societies. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science.

 
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Naval Ships’ Technical Manual Chapter 593 Pollution Control

Excerpt: General Purpose. This chapter is provided as a guide for Navy ships to conform to pollution control regulations, to consolidate information on available equipment, and to summarize the Navy Pollution Abatement Program. Included is information on pollution control equipment, and its operation. In certain areas pollution control equipment is in the research and development stage. Sections of this chapter dealing with those areas will be updated as soon as the hard...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web an Overview o...

By: Sarah A. Lister

Summary: This report describes the U.S. public health infrastructure: the structure, organization, and legal basis of domestic public health activities. In contrast with healthcare, public health practice is aimed at decreasing the burden of illness and injury in populations, rather than individuals. Public health agencies use epidemiologic investigation, laboratory testing, information technology, public and provider education, and other tools to support their mission, ...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Homelessness ...

By: Maggie Mccarty

Summary: There is no single federal definition of homelessness. However, most federal programs for the homeless define a homeless individual as a person who lacks a fixed and night-time residence or whose primary residence is a supervised public or private shelter designed to provide temporary living accommodations, an institution accommodating persons intended to be institutionalized, or a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleepi...

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The North Korean Economy: Background and Policy Analysis

By: Emma Chanlett Avery

Summary: This report provides an overview of the economy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea, its external economic relations, attempts at reform, and U.S. policy options. Along with the United States, North Korea’s major trading partners -- China, Japan, South Korea, and Russia -- form the socalled Six Parties, which are currently engaged in talks to resolve issues raised by the DPRK’s development of a nuclear weapons program.

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Pakistan's Domestic Political Developments

By: K. Alan Kronstadt

Summary: Pakistan is a strategically important country and home to one of the world’s largest Muslim populations. In October 1999, Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff Gen. Pervez Musharraf replaced Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in a bloodless coup. In the wake of the military overthrow of the elected government, Islamabad faced considerable international opprobrium and was subjected to automatic coup-related U.S. sanctions. The September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United Sta...

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Zimbabwe: Current Issues

By: Raymond W. Copson

Summary: Parliamentary elections are scheduled in Zimbabwe for March 31, 2005, and they will be closely watched by supporters of human rights and democracy. The last parliamentary election, in June 2000, was marred by violence against the opposition and other irregularities. According to the Department of State, the presidential election in March 2002 was “preceded and followed by a government-sanctioned campaign of violence directed towards supporters and potential supp...

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Cuba : Issues for the 109Th Congress

By: Mark P. Sullivan

Summary: Cuba under Fidel Castro remains a hard-line communist state with a poor record on human rights -- a record that has worsened significantly since 2003. With the cutoff of assistance from the former Soviet Union, Cuba experienced severe economic deterioration from 1989-1993. While there has been some improvement since 1994, as Cuba has implemented limited reforms, the economy remains in poor shape.

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Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy

By: Curt Tarnoff

Summary: Foreign assistance is a fundamental component of the international affairs budget and is viewed by many as an essential instrument of U.S. foreign policy. This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by addressing a number of the more frequently asked questions regarding the subject.

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Iraq War : Background and Issues Overview

By: Raymond W. Copson

Excerpt: Daily Developments For a day-by-day summary of Iraq-related developments through the end of the combat phase of the war, see Iraq-U.S. Confrontation: Daily Developments...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on I...

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Agenda Item Purpose/Action Presider/Presenter(s) February 21 8: 30 Welcome Dr. J. Modlin (Chair, ACIP) Disclosure by Committee Members Dr. D. Snider (CDC, OD) 9: 00 Influenza vaccine Information Dr. Carolyn Bridges (NCID,DVRD) U.S. influenza surveillance summary Discussion Dr. N. Cox (NCID, DVRD) International update and vaccine selection Decision Dr. K. Fukuda (NCID,DVRD) for 2001-2002 influenza season 2001-2002 Control and Prevention of Influenza Recommendations...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on I...

By: Department of Health and Human Services

OPENING COMMENTS/DISCLOSURES: Chairman Dr. John Modlin convened the meeting at 8: 36 a.m., and introduced Dr. Dixie Snider, the ACIP Executive Secretary. Announcing liaison representatives changes, Dr. Snider welcomed Dr. Gary Overturf of the University of New Mexico Medical Center, as the liaison for the American Academy of Pediatrics; and Mr. Kevin Reilly, President of Wyeth Vaccines and Nutrition, liaison for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. H...

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Preventing Lead Posioning in Young Children

By: John F. Rosen, M. D.

Introduction: definitions, background: sourecers of lead exposure lead - based paint...

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Vital and Health Statistics

By: Jacob J. Feldman, Ph. D.

How to determine what people eat has been a topic of intense research and debate in recent years, Because the methods available for use in surveys rely on the respondent’s ability to recall and describe what was eaten, they are subject to errors of omission and commission that can limit the usefulness of the information for population estimates and for longitudinal studies of eating habits and later disease experience.

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A Survey of the Use of Biotechnology in U. S. Industry

Technical Reference Publication

Foreword: At the dawn of the 21st century, no new area of science and technology holds greater promise or potential than biotechnology. From genomics and proteomics to biotechnologies for improving industrial production processes, advances in our ability to understand and manipulate living materials promise to address many significant challenges facing our society.

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Numerical List of Manufactured and Mineral Products

By: Kenneth Prewitt

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: PURPOSE. This numerical list includes the principal products and services of the manufacturing and mining industries in the United States. The data for these products and services were collected in the 1997 Economic Census - Manufacturing on 218 long forms (MC-2001 through MC-3912) and 30 short forms (MC-2071 through MC 3975) and in the 1997 Economic Census - Mining on 10 long forms (MC- 1001 through MC-1403) and 2 short forms (MC-1371 and MC-1471). Each re...

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1997 Economic Census Manufacturing and Mining Reference Series Num...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: PURPOSE. This numerical list includes the principal products and services of the manufacturing and mining industries in the United States. The data for these products and services were collected in the 1997 Economic Census - Manufacturing on 218 long forms (MC-2001 through MC-3912) and 30 short forms (MC-2071 through MC 3975) and in the 1997 Economic Census - Mining on 10 long forms (MC- 1001 through MC-1403) and 2 short forms (MC-1371 and MC-1471). Each report ...

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What's Available from the Survey of Income and Program Participation

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: ?Item Nonresponse in the Survey of Income and Program Participation,? by D. B. MCMILLEN and D. KASPRZYK (Census Bureau) Characteristics of Sample Attrition in the Survey of Income and Program Participation, by K. S. SHORT (Census Bureau) ?Compensating for Wave Nonresponse in the 1979 ISDP Research Panel,? by G. KALTON, J. LEPKOWSKI, and T. K. LIN (University of Michigan) ?Alternative Definitions of Longitudinal Households in the Income Survey Development Program...

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Current Industrial Reports

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: This publication presents all the data compiled in the Current Industrial Reports (CIR) program for data year 1994. These data were originally released electronically from March through December 1995. This publication replaces all of the individual reports issued in the CIR series for 1994.

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Current Industrial Reports Mp/95 Manufacturing Profiles : 1995

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: This publication presents all the data compiled in the Current Industrial Reports (CIR) program for data year 1995. These data were originally released electronically from March through December 1996. This publication replaces all of the individual reports issued in the CIR series for 1995.

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Current Industrial Reports Manufacturing Profiles : 1996

By: James F. Holmes

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: GENERAL. This publication presents all the data compiled in the Current Industrial Reports (CIR) program for data year 1996. These data were originally released electronically from March through December 1996. This publication replaces all of the individual reports issued in the CIR series for 1996. Current data are released electronically on Internet for all individual surveys as they become available.

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