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Literature


Literature is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources. Literally translated, the word literature means 'acquaintance with letters' (as in the 'arts and letters'). The two most basic written literary categories include fiction and non fiction.

 
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Ambient Water Quality Criteria Recommendations

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: This document presents EPA’s nutrient criteria for Wetlands in Nutrient Ecoregion XIII. These criteria provide EPA’s recommendations to States and authorized Tribes for use in establishing their water quality standards consistent with section 303(c) of CWA. Under section 303(c) of the CWA, States and authorized Tribes have the primary responsibility for adopting water quality standards as State or Tribal law or regulation. The standards must contain scientifical...

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Residential Wood Combustion Technology Review Volume 1. Technical ...

By: Robert C. Mccrillis

Excerpt: The key findings of the review included: (1) The NSPS certification procedure only qualitatively predicts the level of emissions from wood heaters under actual use in homes, (2) Wood stove durability varies with model and a method to assess the durability problem is controversial, (3) Nationally the overwhelming majority of RWC air emissions are from non-certified devices (primarily from older non-certified woodstoves), (4) New technology appliances and fuels ca...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Homeland Secu...

By: Harold C. Relyea

Summary: After substantial congressional treatment, President George W. Bush gave impetus to the creation of a Department of Homeland Security when, on June 6, 2002, he proposed the establishment of such an entity by the 107th Congress. The President transmitted his department proposal to the House of Representatives on June 18, where it was subsequently introduced by request (H.R. 5005). The House approved the bill in amended form on July 26. The Senate did not begin co...

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Classical and Quantumchaos

By: Predrag Cvitanovi

Mathematics document containing theorems and formulas.

Excerpt: Averaging; Dynamical averaging; Evolution operators; Resume; and Exercises.

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Histoplasmosis Protecting Workers at Risk

By: Steven W. Lenhart, C. I. H.

This booklet is a revised edition of the NIOSH document Histoplasmosis: Protecting Workers at Risk, which was originally published in September 1997. The updated information in this booklet will help readers understand what histoplasmosis is and recognize activities that may expose workers to the disease-causing fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The booklet also informs readers about methods they can use to protect themselves and others from exposure. Outbreaks of histoplas...

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Niosh Publications on Video Display Terminals

By: Department of Health and Human Services

SYNONYMS: (1) Nitrobenzol, oil of mirbane (2) o- Methylnitrobenzene, 2-Methylnitrobenzene, 2-Nitrotoluene m-Methylnitrobenzene, 3-Methylnitrobenzene, 3-Nitrotoluene p-Methylnitrobenzene, 4-Methylnitrobenzene, 4-Nitrotoluene (3) p-Chloronitrobenzene, 1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene, 4-Nitrochlorobenzene, PCNB, PNCB...

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Managing Elevated Blood Lead Levels Among Young Children : Recomme...

By: Birt Harvey, M. D.

Foreword: The overall reduction in childhood lead levels over the last three decades has been one of the great environmental health success stories in this country. However, our goal has not yet been reached. There are still far too many lower-income children living in older housing who are being hurt by elevated blood lead levels. The public health, housing, and environmental communities must continue to work together to eliminate the threat of lead poisoning for our future...

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Dreaming the Future : Some Funky Ideas on Managing Tomorrow's Library

By: Maija Berndtson

Professional Publication

Summary: This paper examines some of the questions and challenges facing libraries. The work is continuous, but now and then it is important to formulate some ideas and visions. Seeing with fresh eyes. We see what we expect to see. What we know, or think we know, influences us so strongly that we are often blind to change, or to new views and new opportunities. This is true in all aspects of life. The challenge is to see everything around us with fresh eyes. The future i...

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Competencies Needed by Public Library Staff

By: Josephine Bryant

Professional Publication

Context: Technology has been the driving force of change, which has impacted industries and organizations worldwide. It has created an extremely knowledge-dependent society in which consumers have heightened expectations for immediate satisfaction of informational needs. Within the library profession, the roles of library staff as information providers have been reshaped by these changes. In order to effectively manage and cope with this accelerating rate of change, a cl...

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Routing Policy System Security

By: C. Villamizar

Technical Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Internet Routing Registry (IRR) has evolved to meet a need for Internet-wide coordination. This need was described in RFC-1787, an informational RFC prepared on behalf of the IAB [14]. The following summary appears in Section 7 of RFC-1787. While ensuring Internet-wide coordination may be more and more difficult, as the Internet continues to grow, stability and consistency of the Internet-wide routing could significantly benefit if the information about rout...

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Authentication, Authorization, And Accounting : Protocol Evaluation

By: D. Mitton

Technical Reference Publication

Excerpt: Due to time constraints, the original draft of this document was rushed to meet the publication deadline of the June 2000 Pittsburgh meeting. Since the meeting has passed, we do not wish to substantially revise the findings within this document, so that we don't give the appearance of changing information after the presentation. Only additional descriptions of the process, formatting, layout editing and errors of fact have been corrected in subsequent revisions.

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Rtp Control Protocol Extended Reports (Rtcp Xr)

By: T. Friedman

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: This document defines the Extended Report (XR) packet type for the RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) [9], and defines how the use of XR packets can be signaled by an application if it employs the Session Description Protocol (SDP) [4]. XR packets convey information beyond that already contained in the reception report blocks of RTCP's sender report (SR) or Receiver Report (RR) packets. The information is of use across RTP profiles, and so is not appropriately car...

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Ip Over Optical Networks : A Framework

By: B. Rajagopalan

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Optical network technologies are evolving rapidly in terms of functions and capabilities. The increasing importance of optical networks is evidenced by the copious amount of attention focused on IP over optical networks and related photonic and electronic interworking issues by all major network service providers, telecommunications equipment vendors, and standards organizations. In this regard, the term optical network is used generically in practice to re...

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Generic Requirements for Provider Provisioned Virtual Private Netw...

By: A. Nagarajan

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: This document is an output of the design team formed to develop requirements for PPVPNs in the Provider Provisioned Virtual Private Networks (PPVPN) working group and provides requirements that are generic to both Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks (L2VPN) and Layer 3 Virtual Private Networks (L3VPN). This document discusses generic PPVPN requirements categorized as service, provider and engineering requirements. These are independent of any particular type o...

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Indicating User Agent Capabilities in the Session Initiation Proto...

By: J. Rosenberg

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) [1] user agents vary widely in their capabilities and in the types of devices they represent. Frequently, it is important for another SIP element to learn the capabilities and characteristics of a SIP UA. Some of the applications of this information include...

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Negative-Acknowledgment (Nack)-Oriented Reliable Multicast (Norm) ...

By: B. Adamson

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: The Negative-acknowledgment (NACK) Oriented Reliable Multicast (NORM) protocol is designed to provide reliable transport of data from one or more sender(s) to a group of receivers over an IP multicast network. The primary design goals of NORM are to provide efficient, scalable, and robust bulk data (e.g., computer files, transmission of persistent data) transfer across possibly heterogeneous IP networks and topologies. The NORM protocol design provides supp...

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H. 350 Directory Services

By: T. Johnson

Technical Reference Publication

Excerpt: The International Telecommunications Union Standardization Sector (ITU-T) has created the H.350 series of Recommendations that specify directory services architectures in support of multimedia conferencing protocols. The goal of the architecture is to 'directory enable' multimedia conferencing so that these services can leverage existing identity management and enterprise directories. A particular goal is to enable an enterprise or service provider to maintain a...

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Network Mobility (Nemo) Basic Support Protocol

By: V. Devarapalli

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: This document describes protocol extensions to Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) [1] to enable support for network mobility. The extensions are backward compatible with Mobile IPv6. In particular, a NEMOcompliant Home Agent can operate as a Mobile IPv6 Home Agent. The solution described here satisfies the goals and requirements identified in [11] for network mobility.

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Reporting Sexual Assault to the Police in Hawaii, July 2000

By: Libby O. Ruch

Legal Reference Publication

Acknowledgements: The data used in this report were collected as part of a previous research project, which was a collaborative effort of the University of Hawaii at Manoa and the Sex Abuse Treatment Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. The original research was supported by Grant from the National Institute of Mental Health and institutional support from the University of Hawaii at Manoa. We wish to thank the Director of the Sex Abuse Treatment Center, Adriana Ramelli, M.S.W. Her ...

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Mediating Citizen Complaints against Police Officers : A Guide for...

By: Samuel Walker

Legal Reference Publication

Excerpt: Mediation, along with other alternative dispute resolution (ADR) methods, has emerged in America as a popular means of settling disputes (Singer 1994). Mediation is widely used in divorce cases, employee-employer disputes, small commercial disputes, and many other areas of life where disagreements and conflicts arise. In general, participants have found mediation more satisfying than going to court or enduring some other formal procedure; it is usually quicker, ...

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